هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر سبک رهبری سلامتمحور بر سلامت روانی کارکنان با نقش میانجی نیازهای روانشناختی منابع انسانی است. پژوهش فعلی از نظر هدف کاربردی است و از نظر گردآوری دادهها، پژوهشی با رویکرد توصیفی-پیمایشی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی مدیران و کارکنان ادارۀ کل بهزیستی استان فارس به تعداد 254 نفر و حجم نمونۀ آماری بر اساس فرمول تخمین نمونۀ کوکران 153 نفر از کارکنان است. به منظور جمعآوری دادهها و سنجش ارتباط میان متغیرهای پژوهش از ابزار پرسشنامه استفاده شده است. همچنین، برای تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها از روش مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری بهره گرفته شده است و از نرمافزارهای تحلیل آماری SPSS22 وLisrel استفاده شده است. نتایج این پژوهش نشان میدهد رهبری سلامتمحور بر سلامت روانی کارکنان و نیازهای روانشناختی منابع انسانی تأثیری معنادار دارد و نیازهای روانشناختی منابع انسانی بر سلامت روانی کارکنان نیز تأثیری معنادار دارد و در نهایت، رهبری سلامتمحور بر سلامت روانی کارکنان با نقش میانجی نیازهای روانشناختی منابع انسانی تأثیر معناداری دارد.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Analyzing the effect of health-oriented leadership style on employees mental health with the mediating role of psychological needs of human resources
Purpose: The mental health of the employees of the organization is very important. The increase in environmental complexity has increased the need for new organizational strategies to strengthen the health and mental health of employees. People's mental health is defined as a state of satisfaction and happiness, work-life balance, the ability to deal with daily pressures and stresses, the ability to create and maintain constructive relationships with other people, and the ability to have a meaningful and purposeful life. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of a health-oriented leadership style on the mental health of employees with the mediating role of the psychological needs of human resources.
Methodology: The current research in terms of the method is quantitative, in terms of purpose is applied research in the field of human resources and organizational behavior, and in terms of collecting data and information is research with a descriptive survey approach. The statistical population of the research includes all managers and employees of the General Welfare Department of Fars province, numbering 254 people, and the statistical sample size based on Cochran's sample estimation formula is 153 employees. To collect data and measure the relationship between research variables, a questionnaire was used. Questionnaire criteria to measure the variable of health-oriented leadership were adapted from Safar Mohammadlou et al. (1401) with four dimensions (quality of life of employees, job actions, management and leadership style, and environmental strategies), to measure the variable of psychological needs of human resources the criteria were adopted from the Humphreys questionnaire by Soltaninejad et al. (2003) with four dimensions (self-esteem, self-awareness, self-renewal, and sense of belonging), and the mental health variable of employees was adopted from Keyes (2002) with three dimensions (emotional well-being, mental health, and social health). Also, to analyze the data, the structural equation modeling method, and SPSS 22 and Lisrel statistical analysis software were used.
Findings: The results of this research showed that health-oriented leadership has a significant effect on the mental health of employees and the psychological needs of human resources; Also, the psychological needs of human resources have a significant effect on the mental health of employees; And finally, health-oriented leadership has a significant effect on the mental health of employees with the mediating role of psychological needs of human resources.
Discussion and Conclusion: Health-oriented leadership style improves the health and mental health of employees by strengthening the psychological needs of human resources in the organization. This type of leadership style, through the component of managing the quality of life of employees, has encouraged them to maintain a balance between their personal and professional lives, which can lead to self-awareness, a sense of belonging to the organization, reducing stress and increasing employee satisfaction to improve health. On the other hand, health-oriented leaders use environmental strategies to create a work and spiritual environment that is governed by moral values and norms, through the two components of self-respect and self-awareness, so that employees can easily communicate with each other and learn and benefit from each other's experiences and knowledge, and as a result, help to improve the morale and mental health of employees in the atmosphere of constructive cooperation.. Finally, health-oriented leaders have paid attention to the issue that the job is one of the most important sources for physical and mental injuries, and by creating conditions for each employee about the components of self-regeneration and a sense of belonging in the work environment, establish a relationship between the job and the employee, so that the mental health of the employees is guaranteed.